1633-1634A smallpox epidemic hit Massachusetts.People and Communities, Events & Anniversaries, State Events, Indigenous People's History

The smallpox epidemic further decimated Indigenous populations in New England and European colonists as well. The epidemic may have killed between 33% and 90% of the remaining Indigenous people along the coast, including several Pawtucket and other leaders. Population loss weakened the social fabric of Indigenous life and challenged spiritual beliefs.

Malpica, Kristine. “Uncommon Ground: Pawtucket-Pennacook Strategic Land  Exchange in Native Spaces and Colonized Places of Essex County and Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century.” ScholarWorks at UMass Boston, https://scholarworks.umb.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1687&context=masters_theses
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