1915Anthropologist and Annisquam summer resident Frank Speck hosted Mohegan Medicine Woman Gladys Tantaquidgeon and other Indigenous leaders at his home in Annisquam.People and Communities, Indigenous People's History

Gloucester Daily Times. “Personal Mention.” August 28, 1915. https://sawyer.advantage-preservation.com/
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Frank Gouldsmith Speck, a prolific salvage ethnographer, was raised in Mohegan, Connecticut, and as a child had a close relationship with Fidelia Fielding, a Native woman, a friend of the family, and the last living speaker of the Mohegan Pequot language, which developed his scholarly interests. He studied under Franz Boaz at Columbia University and then received his Ph.D. at the University of Pennsylvania. Speck was interested in contemporary Indigenous populations focused in New England, although he expanded his research to Canada and the southern United States.

Speck and his family maintained a summer home in Annisquam and it was here that he would welcome Native activists throughout the years. During the summer of 1915, according to the Gloucester Daily Times, Speck hosted Gladys Tantaquidgeon in Annisquam. Tantaquidgeon studied anthropology with Speck and was a Medicine Woman, tribal elder, author, and tribal council member. In 1931, she founded the Tantaquidgeon Indian Museum with her father and brother.

“Fictive Kin: Re-Visiting the Relations of Frank Speck and His Indigenous Interlocutors.” Cape Ann Museum. https://vimeo.com/event/2507193. “Frank Speck | National Museum of the American Indian.” https://americanindian.si.edu/collections-search/archives/components/sova-nmai-ac-001-ref15769. Mohegan.nsn.us. “Tantaquidgeon Museum.” https://www.mohegan.nsn.us/about/our-tribal-history/oral-traditions.
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