1873Artist Winslow Homer spent the summer in Gloucester and focused on watercolor.Arts and Culture, Art

Thomas A. Gray, Winslow Homer, 1863, Albumen silver print photograph, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, https://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID=npg_NPG.2001.50&repo=DPLA
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Like Fitz Henry Lane, Homer was primarily self-taught and apprenticed in Boston as a lithographer. He soon was employed as an illustrator for magazines, notably Harper’s Weekly magazine in the first year of the Civil War, where he was on the front in Virginia doing sketches that were transformed into wood engravings and published. By this time, Homer had painted in oils and tried watercolor, but it was in Gloucester that he transformed the latter medium from one for amateurs to one suitable for professional artists. After Homer, the popularity of watercolor grew on Cape Ann.

Homer summered at the Atlantic House Hotel, on the corner of Main Street and Western Avenue in June of 1873, and completed several wood engravings for Harper’s Weekly magazine.

Cape Ann Museum. “Winslow Homer.” https://www.capeannmuseum.org/collections/artists/winslow-homer/. Wilmerding, John. American Views: Essays on American Art. Princeton University Press, 1991.
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