1690Beginning in 1690, Gloucester’s population growth began to spike.People and Communities, Population

Growth of the fisheries and commercial trade started to replace subsistance farming and the timber industry. While natural increase accounted for most of Gloucester’s population growth between 1690 and 1750, immigration numbers also increased. In the forty years after 1690, about thirty new families came to Gloucester each decade, more than double the number for the years between 1660 and 1690.

Heyrman, Christine Leigh. Commerce and Culture: The Maritime Communities of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1750. 1st ed, Norton, 1984.
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