1725-1726Dummer’s Treaty was signed, ending three years of conflict between the colonies and the Wabanaki Confederacy.People and Communities, Government and Public Service, Military, Indigenous People's History

A Penobscot man named Sauguaaram initiated peace talks with his people with British approval, which led to the Penobscot and other allied Indigenous groups signing Dummer’s Treaty. One year later, a second treaty was signed with other Indigenous groups including the Abenaki and the Passamaquoddy in present-day Massachusetts, Maine, and New Hampshire, which put a stop to the fighting. Additionally, the British promised to not interfere with Indigenous hunting, fishing, and farming.

This series of wars through the previous few decades had a profound effect on population growth in Gloucester, with eligible men recruited to fight and colonists that had originally settled north in present-day Maine moving south to Gloucester, which was considered more secure against these raids. Colonists’ movements were restricted and many chose to settle south in cities like Gloucester for safety. A small group including about 25 people from Gloucester moved to present-day Falmouth, Maine when it was deemed more secure after the Dummer’s Treaty.

Heyrman, Christine Leigh. Commerce and Culture: The Maritime Communities of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1750. 1st ed, Norton, 1984.
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