1602English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold sailed in the Concord along the New England coast and reported making contact with Indigenous people.People and Communities, European Colonists, Indigenous People's History

On May 14, 1602, Bartholomew Gosnold’s fleet made landfall on the coast of Southern Maine in the vicinity of York Beach. According to his chronicler John Brereton, the voyagers saw eight Indigenous people standing on a rock, which he named “Savage Rock,” on what is believed to be present-day Cape Neddick. They passed by Cape Ann during the journey from Maine to Cape Cod (named by Gosnold due to the abundance of cod) and to the islands he named Martha’s Vineyard and Elizabeth’s Isle (Cuttyhunk) where he set up an outpost. Brereton and Gabriel Archer, who also gave an account of the voyage, write of several encounters with Native people during their stay. The group harvested the medicinal sassafras tree, which they took back to England. Accounts of this valuable commodity and plentiful fish encouraged future expeditions to the New England coast.

Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Series 3, Vol. 8, Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1843, https://archive.org/details/s3collections07massuoft/page/304/mode/2up?view=theater Morison, Samuel Eliot. Builders of the Bay Colony. Houghton Mifflin, 1964, https://archive.org/details/buildersofbaycol0000mori_i9e4 Quinn, David B. North America from Earliest Discovery to First Settlements : The Norse Voyages to 1612. Harper & Row, 1977, https://archive.org/details/northamericafrom0000quin/page/392/mode/2up
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