1614English explorer Captain John Smith named the cape “Tragabigzanda.”People and Communities, European Colonists

Captain John Smith sailed along the coast from Penobscot Bay to Cape Cod, naming prominent places along the route. He gave the name “New England” to the area, which had been known as “North Virginia.” Smith sailed past what is now Cape Ann, calling it “Tragabigzanda” derived from the name of a woman who had helped Smith when he was a prisoner in Turkey. Prince Charles soon renamed the Cape after his mother, Anne of Denmark. Smith also named Straitsmouth, Thacher, and Milk Islands the “Three Turks’ Heads.” His accounts ignited interest in fishing in New England.

Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Series 3, Vol. 6, American Stationers’ Company, 1837, https://archive.org/details/collectionsofmas36mass/page/n5/mode/2up?view=theater Hurd, D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) ed. History of Essex County, Massachusetts, with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Vol. II. Philadelphia, J. W. Lewis & Co., 1888. http://archive.org/details/historyofessexco02hurd
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