1644Five leaders of the Pennacook, Pawtucket, Nipmuc, Nashua, and Massachuset signed an oath of loyalty to the English Crown and the Massachusetts Bay Colony for equal rights and protection under English law.People and Communities, Indigenous People's History

In exchange, they vowed to become Christians, observe the Sabbath, discontinue certain indigenous practices that colonists disapproved of, and remain neutral in any future conflict between the English and other indigenous groups. Masconomet signed on behalf of the Pawtucket of Agawam.

Massachusetts; Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1810-1874; Massachusetts. General Court. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Printed by Order of the Legislature. W. White, 1853, https://archive.org/details/recordsgovernor00courgoog/page/n4/mode/2up. Lepionka, Mary Ellen “Politics of the Archives Redux: Indigenous History of Indigenous Peoples of Essex County, Massachusetts.” Historic Ipswich, 17 Dec. 2021, https://historicipswich.org/2021/12/17/politics-of-the-archives-redux-indigenous-history-of-indigenous-peoples-of-essex-county-massachusetts/
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