1675Gloucester men fought in King Philip’s War.People and Communities, Government and Public Service, Military, Indigenous People's History

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"Soldiers Lotts" from Town Meeting, Dec. 16, 1679.

Although Gloucester was not as directly involved in King Philip’s War as other towns in Massachusetts, each colonial town was required to send people to fight. In Gloucester, the men who were drafted were believed to be Andrew Sargent, Joseph Clark, Joseph Somes, Joseph Allen, Jacob Davis, Vincent Davis, Thomas Kent, and Hugh Rowe. It is possible that all or some of these men sent substitutes in their place.

The town records show that in December of 1679, 14 men who fought in King Philip’s War received a grant of land at Kettle Cove. Of these only two, Joseph Clark and Hugh Rowe, were on the original list. Timothy Somes received the grant for Joseph Somes, who was the one casualty of the war from Gloucester. Two other grants were noted in 1678. According to historian John Babson, it can be surmised that sixteen men from Gloucester enlisted, which was one-quarter of male citizens at that time.

Gloucester Town Records, 1642-1715. Vol. 1, 1715, https://archive.org/details/GLOTownRecords16921715Images. Babson, John James, and Samuel Chandler. History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Anne, Including the Town of Rockport. Procter Brothers, 1860, http://archive.org/details/historytownglou00changoog. Bodge, George M. Soldiers in King Philip’s War; Being a Critical Account of That War, with a Concise History of the Indian Wars of New England from 1620-1677. 3rd ed., 1906, https://archive.org/details/soldiersinkingp00inbodg/mode/2up?view=theater&q=Gloucester
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