1776Gloucester ships engaged in privateering.Economy and Industry, Government and Public Service, Maritime & Fishing Industry, Military

Lacking a robust Navy, the Continental Congress authorized many New England mariners and merchants to engage in privateering. This practice empowered private boat owners to attack and capture the cargo, vessels, and sailors from other nations. During this time in Gloucester, most fishing was discontinued, as many ships and men turned to this more patriotic, and profitable, endeavor.

The first fishing vessel from Gloucester to privateer was originally named <i>Britannia</i> but changed to <i>Warren</i>. In 1777 this boat captured three ships with valuable cargo, including the <i>Sarah and Elizabeth</i> and the <i>Picary</i>.

Garland, Joseph E. Guns off Gloucester. 1st ed, Essex County Newspapers, 1975. Babson, John James, and Samuel Chandler. History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Anne, Including the Town of Rockport. Procter Brothers, 1860, http://archive.org/details/historytownglou00changoog. Hurd, D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) ed. History of Essex County, Massachusetts, with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia, J. W. Lewis & Co., 1888, http://archive.org/details/historyofessexco02hurd.
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