1642Gloucester was incorporated as a town.Government and Public Service, City Government

Massachusetts; Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1810-1874; Massachusetts. General Court. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Printed by Order of the Legislature. W. White, 1853, https://archive.org/details/recordsgovernor00courgoog/page/n4/mode/2up.
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The General Court passed the Act of Incorporation in May 1642. The name of Gloucester was likely chosen for the town because several of the colonists were originally from Gloucester, England.

Massachusetts; Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1810-1874; Massachusetts. General Court. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Printed by Order of the Legislature. W. White, 1853, https://archive.org/details/recordsgovernor00courgoog/page/n4/mode/2up. Hurd, D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) ed. History of Essex County, Massachusetts, with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia, J. W. Lewis & Co., 1888, http://archive.org/details/historyofessexco02hurd.
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