1933-1934Hans Hofmann taught at the Thurn School of Art on East Main Street.People and Communities, Arts and Culture, Notable People, Art

Peter A. Juley & Son, Hans Hofmann, Gloucester, Massachusetts, 1933, Photograph, Smithsonian American Art Museum, https://learninglab.si.edu/resources/view/351129
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Ernest Thurn, also a painter, had been a Hofmann student during the 1920s in Munich. Hofmann brought European concepts of abstraction and expressionism directly to America.

Hofmann and several students visited Gloucester in 1933 and rented the “Little Studio,” a house on Eastern Point. Modernist painter and close friend Arthur B. Carles (1882-1952), accompanied him both years, along with Hofmann’s student and Carles’s daughter, Mercedes Carles Matter (1913-2001). Hofmann was depressed in 1934 after twenty years of teaching without time for his own painting. Mercedes persuaded him to try again, and he did so almost immediately. It has been argued that the Gloucester visit was when Hofmann broke through in his work and decided to open his schools in New York and Provincetown the following fall and summer. Gloucester lost one of the most influential teachers of the twentieth century when Hofmann left.

Hooton, Bruce, Oral history interview with Vaclav Vytlacil, 1966 March 2, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Hans Hofmann: Hofmann’s Legacy, Interview with Mercedes Matter, June 7, 1998, http://www.pbs.org/ hanshofmann/mercedes_matter_interview_pf_001.html Barbara Wolanin, “Prelude to Provincetown: Hofmann, Matter, Carles, and the Legacy of their 1934 Gloucester Summer,” in From Hawthorne to Hofmann: Provincetown Vignettes 1899-1945 (exh. cat., New York: Hollis Taggart Galleries, 2004), 45. In: Jennifer, Sachs Samet, Painterly Representation in New York, 1945-1975, Dissertation, The City University of New York, 2010.
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