1941The Civil Patrol was formed by Natalie Hays Hammond.People and Communities, Government and Public Service, Military, Women's History

John Hays Hammond & Natalie Hammond. The WWII Women’s Defense Corps., Natalie Hays Hammond Collection, Box 1, Folder 1, Item 6, Cape Ann Museum Library & Archives, Gloucester, MA.
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Natalie Hays Hammond was the daughter of John Hays Hammond and Natalie (Harris) Hammond, and the sister of the inventor John Hays Hammond, Jr. Throughout her life she was an artist, Broadway costume and set designer, author, and collector of art and antiques.

During the outbreak of World War II in 1939, she founded the Gloucester Civil Patrol organization, which held classes to train women in air raid precautions and communications in case Gloucester was bombed. Since this situation was unlikely, the organization fell apart, and she organized the Women’s Civilian Defense School in Boston through the Massachusetts Committee on Public Safety. Women were offered five courses including Motor, Mobile Canteen, Civilian Defense, Wardens, and Radio. This organization prepared women to take their skills to organize and instruct other women in their communities. By the end of the year, over one hundred auxiliary defense schools were located around the state. Natalie Hays Hammond appointed herself colonel of the organization. The organization faded away in 1943 and Natalie Hays Hammond resigned.

The WWII Women's Defense Corps., Natalie Hays Hammond Collection, Cape Ann Museum Library & Archives, Gloucester, MA.
Regiment of Women (MWDC) at Attention.The WWII Women's Defense Corps., Natalie Hays Hammond Collection, Box 1, Folder 1, Item 7, Cape Ann Museum Library & Archives, Gloucester, MA.
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