1623The Dorchester Company sent the fishing vessel Fellowship from England to establish a fishing settlement. The ship landed on Cape Ann.People and Communities, European Colonists

The Dorchester Company was a joint-stock company formed by the Reverend John White and a group of merchants and clergymen. White intended to “plant” a Puritan colony that would be supported by and provide a year-round base for a fishing operation on the coast. The ship was “double-manned,” carrying plenty of men to fish, and more than necessary for a crew for the return voyage. Those who remained on Cape Ann would be left with provisions to last until the next season. The Fellowship arrived late in the summer season, carrying 35 men whose names were not recorded. They settled at Fishermen’s Field (Stage Fort Park). At the end of the fishing season, the Fellowship took the catch to Spain, leaving 14 men for the winter. They were to build a fishing station with stages for drying flaked fish, make salt, lay out a plantation, and begin erecting a meeting house.

This first year wasn’t profitable for the Dorchester Company, with a return of only £200 on a £800 investment in the voyage.

White, John, and Marshall Saville. John White’s Planters Plea, 1630. Printed in Facsimile with an Introduction. Rockport, Mass.: The Sandy Bay Historical Society and Museum, 1930. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39076005679266&seq=7 Babson, John James, and Samuel Chandler. History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Anne, Including the Town of Rockport. Procter Brothers, 1860, http://archive.org/details/historytownglou00changoog Thornton, John Wingate. The Landing at Cape Anne, or the Charter of the First Permanent Colony of the Massachusetts Company. Gould and Lincoln, 1854, https://archive.org/details/landingatcapean00thor/page/n7/mode/2up?view=theater
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