1790The first federal census was conducted.People and Communities, Population

The newly ratified constitution required that a census be taken every ten years, beginning in 1790, to determine representation in the House of Representatives. Census numbers for Gloucester were: 673 houses; 1,006 families; 2,483 free white males; 2,793 free white females; 41 other free persons. The 41 listed as other free persons were African Americans, 16 of whom were “servants” living in white households. The remaining 24 were living in independent households.

United States. Census Office. Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790. Government Printing Office, 1908. “Enslaved Persons of Record on Cape Ann | Cape Ann Slavery.” https://capeannslavery.org/enslaved-persons-of-record-on-cape-ann/.
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