1676The first garrisons, or military posts, were built as defenses against King Philip’s allies.Economy and Industry, Government and Public Service, Infrastructure, Military

There were two garrisons built in March of 1676 as a defense against possible attacks by Indigenous people during King Philip’s War. The garrisons were repaired in 1692 to defend against possible Native raids during King William’s War (the first French and Indian War).

Babson, John James, and Samuel Chandler. History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Anne, Including the Town of Rockport. Procter Brothers, 1860, http://archive.org/details/historytownglou00changoog Massachusetts Colony; Nathanial Bradstreet Shurtleff ed.; Massachusetts General Court. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. 1854, https://archive.org/details/recordsofgoverno05mass/page/n5/mode/2up
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