1856The Hatchet Gang temperance raid occurred in Rockport.People and Communities, Events & Anniversaries, Temperance, Women's History

Rockport resident and temperance advocate, Hannah Jumper initiated the idea of a hatchet attack on liquor establishments, which she and four other women led on July 8, 1856. Over the course of five hours, a mob of nearly two hundred women dragged 15 barrels of rum in 13 different locations into the streets and split them open, destroying an estimated $700 worth of rum. One of the targets, a man named Jim Brown, sued the women in court, but the women won the case, and Brown was ordered to pay their court fees.

Harris, Gordon. “Hannah Jumper Leads Raid on Rockport Liquor Establishments, July 8, 1856.” Historic Ipswich (blog), August 7, 2021. https://historicipswich.net/2021/08/07/hannah-jumper/. Hardy, Molly O’Hagan. Unfolding Histories: Cape Ann before 1900. Gloucester (MA): Cape Ann Museum, 2018.
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