750-350 years ago (c.)The Pawtucket had horticultural settlements on Cape Ann.People and Communities, Indigenous People's History

The Pawtucket were a branch of the Pennacook people of present-day New Hampshire who came to present-day Cape Ann via the Merrimack Valley around 750-800 years ago. They were part of the Algonquian-speaking confederacies of the Northeast. The colonists referred to those in northern Middlesex and Essex counties as either Agawam, Naumkeag, Pennacook, Pawtucket, Wamesit, or Pentucket based on where their primary settlement was located. The Agawam were mainly settled on the Castle Neck and Ipswich Rivers in present-day Ipswich and Cape Ann. The Pawtucket identity is often confused with those of other Indigenous people of present-day Massachusetts because of their alliances, trading partners, kinship networks, and shared history during the Colonial Period.

Lepionka, Mary Ellen, “Politics of the Archives Redux: Indigenous History of Indigenous Peoples of Essex County, Massachusetts.” Historic Ipswich, 17 Dec. 2021, https://historicipswich.org/2021/12/17/politics-of-the-archives-redux-indigenous-history-of-indigenous-peoples-of-essex-county-massachusetts/
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