1636-38The Pequot War (1636-1638)People and Communities, Events & Anniversaries, National Events, Indigenous People's History

The Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Indigenous people living in southern New England, and colonial governments. After years of confrontation over land, trade, and livestock, Connecticut Colony declared war on the people of the lower Connecticut Valley and Pequot River. A joint force from all the English colonies under the command of John Mason mounted a raid on the village of Pequot as retaliation for the murder of an English trader. The war ended with the destruction of Pequot, renamed New London (with the Pequot River renamed the Thames), and the few survivors were sold into the slave trade.

John Burnham was one of three Chebacco (Essex) men who fought in the war. He described his experiences to family members, and these were later recounted by historian Robert Crowell in his History of Essex. The soldiers were given grants of land for their service.

Mason, John. A Brief History of the Pequot War. J. Sabin, 1869, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951p01104220u&seq=7 “Battlefields of the Pequot War.” Pequotwar.Org, https://pequotwar.org/ Hardy, Molly O’Hagan. Unfolding Histories: Cape Ann before 1900. Cape Ann Museum, 2018. Crowell, Robert. History of the Town of Essex from 1634 to 1868. 1868, https://archive.org/details/historyoftownofe00crow/page/n9/mode/2up?view=theater
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