1700Traffic in fish, timber, masts, and ships to Europe and the West Indies fostered economic growth while contributing to the triangular trade.People and Communities, Economy and Industry, Industry, African American History

By the 1700s, Gloucester was involved in the triangular trade. The colonial economy based around enslaving people helped fuel Gloucester’s early growth as ships provided food and other provisions for slave plantations. Beginning in the previous century, traders from the Massachusetts Bay Colony shipped salted fish sold by Cape Ann merchants to feed enslaved African and Indigenous people on plantations in the West Indies. In the early 1700s, Gloucester merchants began to sell directly to southern plantations and the West Indies and brought goods from these plantations and those in the West Indies back to Europe.

Heyrman, Christine Leigh. Commerce and Culture: The Maritime Communities of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1750. 1st ed. New York: Norton, 1984. Connolly, James B. The Port of Gloucester. Doubleday, Doran & Company inc, 1940. “The Role of Slavery in the Cape Ann Economy | Cape Ann Slavery.” https://capeannslavery.org/the-role-of-slavery-in-the-cape-ann-economy/.
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