10,000+ - 1,500 years agoWhat we now call Cape Ann is the traditional and ancestral homeland of Indigenous people who had occupied this area for more than 10,000 years.People and Communities, Indigenous People's History

Beginning roughly 8,000 years ago, Maritime Archaic people occupied seasonal villages along the Atlantic and Annisquam River coastlines. By roughly 3,500 years ago, Algonquian-speaking Eastern Woodland Indians were seasonal occupants of Cape Ann.

Lepionka, Mary Ellen. “Unpublished Papers on Cape Ann Prehistory.” Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society, vol. 74, no. 2, Fall 2013, pp. 45–92, https://vc.bridgew.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1196&context=bmas. Gloucester 400. “GLOUCESTER 400TM+ DIVERSITY & EQUITY FRAMEWORK.” Accessed August 22, 2023. https://www.gloucesterma400.org/diversity-equity/
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