1686Wonasquam, and other Pawtucket villages in Essex County were being abandoned.People and Communities, Indigenous People's History

In 1686, John Dunton, a London bookseller, in an account of his travels throughout New England, wrote of his trip to Gloucester. While there, he visited Wanasquam, where he attended a funeral in what he described as a “sorry sort of a Town….We saw several other mourning Indians in that town; and upon Enquiry found that one of the chief Indians was lately dead and buried.” (John Dunton’s Letters, pp. 321-325)

By this time, most Indigenous people had left the area. Many who stayed were attached involuntarily to towns or English families or businesses, or confined to reservations. The Pennacook-Pawtucket diaspora took families to northern Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont, and Canada. Descendants of Pawtucket from the Praying Indian village of Wamesit are living today at Odanak in St. Francis, Quebec.

Dunton, John. John Dunton’s Letters from New-England. For the Society, 1867, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015027068546&seq=7. Lepionka, Mary Ellen. “Politics of the Archives Redux: Indigenous History of Indigenous Peoples of Essex County, Massachusetts.” Historic Ipswich, 17 Dec. 2021, https://historicipswich.org/2021/12/17/politics-of-the-archives-redux-indigenous-history-of-indigenous-peoples-of-essex-county-massachusetts/
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