1863Trade with Surinam collapsed.Economy and Industry, Economy, Maritime & Fishing Industry

Crew list for the William and Mary, May 20, 1833, Unfolding Histories, Cape Ann Museum, https://wayback.archive-it.org/11179/20181018195826/http://onlineexhibitions.capeannmuseum.org/s/unfoldinghistories/item/421
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Before 1860, Gloucester’s port was engaged in foreign commerce and active in the slave trade. It had two or three large mercantile houses, and ships running to the East Indies, South America, Europe, Dutch Guinea, and the West Indies. While the imports were from every part of the globe, most of its commercial interests, other than the West Indies, was Surinam in Dutch Guinea. Between 1790 and 1840, Gloucester was the primary supplier of salt fish for enslaved people who worked on plantations there in exchange for sugar. During some years, importations of sugar, molasses, and cocoa were worth nearly four hundred thousand dollars, and its exports were valued at two hundred thousand. After around 1860, this trade was transferred to Boston due to the need for larger commercial facilities and a deeper harbor. Also, in 1863 the Netherlands abolished slavery in Surinam although most enslaved people were not released until 1873.

The Fisheries of Gloucester from the First Catch by the English in 1623, to the Centennial Year, 1876. Gloucester, Procter Brothers, 1876, http://archive.org/details/fisheriesofglouc00glourich Cape Ann Museum. “Gloucester’s Ties to the Surinam Trade.” http://www.capeannmuseum.org/surinam-trade/ “The Role of Slavery in the Cape Ann Economy | Cape Ann Slavery.” https://capeannslavery.org/the-role-of-slavery-in-the-cape-ann-economy/
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